Waiting on Winter Wheat

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Emily UnglesbeeDTN Staff ReporterROCKVILLE, Md. (DTN) — The winter wheat crop is sleeping in this year — and who can blame it?“Since the first of March, at 2-inch soil depths, we’re running 10 degrees below normal,” said Kansas State University Extension agronomist Jeanne Falk Jones. “Instead of soil temps being 40 to 42 degrees, they’re still sitting below freezing in many cases, around 30 to 32 degrees.”As a result, a lot of winter wheat in western and northern Kansas is still lying dormant. Farther south, Oklahoma wheat is just starting to green up, and some producers are only now pulling cattle out of their grazed wheat fields, said Jeff Edwards, a crop scientist with Oklahoma State University.The cool, wet, delayed spring comes at a time when many producers are already facing a time crunch to make up for missed fieldwork during the soggy fall of 2018. In central Kansas, Kyle Krier’s wheat fields have soaked in roughly 10 inches of rain this winter — about 9 inches above normal, he noted.“I’m not going to say it’s a huge curse, but it’s yet to be seen if it’s a blessing,” he said. “We still have topdressing to do, alfalfa to spray and row crops to plant. It would be nice if we could get on that soon.”A TALE OF TWO WHEAT CROPSIn Kansas, most wheat growers found themselves with only two narrow planting windows in 2018 — late September or late October into early November. Early planted wheat is doing pretty well, Krier noted. The plants are greening up and brimming with tillers, ready to deliver heads of wheat. But the late-planted fields are struggling.“The fields we planted late didn’t emerge until December and January,” Krier said. “And there’s just one leaf sticking up right now.”Those fields, which Kansas State wheat and forages Extension specialist Romulo Lollato estimated could account for up to 50% of the state’s wheat crop, have a lot catching up to do this spring.“It really puts pressure on the wheat plant to rely on spring tillers to make up for the lack of fall tillers,” Falk Jones said. “And that will create a little bit of a time crunch, because the spring tillers we are relying on are supported pretty strongly by topdressing nitrogen.”Depending on when they planted and how their fields weathered the winter’s temperature swings, some growers should evaluate stands before turning to fertilizer and weed control, Falk Jones said. Since many of the cold snaps coincided with snow cover, winterkill might be less prevalent than some expect, but spotty stands from poor fall emergence are not uncommon.“If you’re curious how wheat is going to green up, go out and dig some plants,” she urged growers. “Cut the green off the top, warm it up, put it in water and see what kind of regrowth you get in five to seven days.”For help deciding whether to keep or abandon a poor wheat stand, see this article from the University of Missouri: https://ipm.missouri.edu/…SPRING FIELDWORK PRIORITIESIn a rare turn for Southern Great Plains, young wheat roots will likely find plenty of water in the root zone in the coming weeks, Falk Jones and Edwards noted. “We’ve got slow growth and emergence, but I do think once we hit that first 60- to 70-degree day, it might grow 6 inches,” Krier said. “There is just so much soil moisture.”Topdressing wheat with nitrogen should be priority No. 1 for most wheat growers, Falk Jones said. “We want nitrogen in that root zone before our wheat starts to joint and the growing point moves above the soil surface,” she explained. “When the growing point starts to move up and form the stem, the total number of kernels on that wheat head are set. So you want to maximize the amount of nitrogen that’s there at that point.”Even growers who applied fall fertilizer should not rest on their laurels, Krier added. He will be pulling soil samples in the days ahead to see how his fall-applied nitrogen held up after the winter’s abundant moisture. “I’m worried about how much leaching we’ve had since the fall,” he said. “We go in and put on 10% to 30% of our nitrogen in the fall. Usually, it does hold until spring, but usually we don’t have 10 inches of moisture, either.”Growers who are pressed for time should prioritize which fields most need well-timed nitrogen and maybe consider switching to an alternative nitrogen source, such as broadcasting dry urea, if their usual set-up is more time-consuming, Falk Jones added.For more details on nitrogen decision-making for wheat, see this Kansas State University article: https://webapp.agron.ksu.edu/…WHAT TO WATCH FORIf conditions stay wet in the months to come, Krier expects fungal diseases will thrive in wheat. Leaf rust was increasing and spreading across southern and central Texas as early as mid-to-late January, so growers should be on alert for that and stripe rust this year, cautioned Bob Hunger, a Oklahoma State University plant pathologist, in his monthly disease update.Falk Jones wants growers to keep an eye on wheat streak mosaic virus this spring, as well. Summer hailstorms last year produced a lot of volunteer wheat, which thrived during the wet fall months. But temperatures stayed cool, too, which can discourage reproduction and development of the wheat curl mite, which spreads the disease and survives on volunteer wheat, she added.“We do have both volunteer wheat and curl mites around, so Mother Nature will be in charge of what happens here,” she said. “We would need a prolonged warm period this spring for them to spread.”See more information on wheat streak mosaic virus here: http://kswheat.com/…Emily Unglesbee can be reached at Emily.unglesbee@dtn.comFollow her on Twitter @Emily_Unglesbee(PS/AG)© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. All rights reserved.last_img read more

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Gov. DeWine creates “Expo 2050” Task Force

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Ohio Governor Mike DeWine announced a new task force to develop and recommend a long-term vision for the Ohio Expo Center, an event venue in Columbus that is home to the Ohio State Fair, as well as nearby attractions including the Ohio History Connection and the current Mapfre Stadium.“At the Ohio State Fair and other events that occur here, there are countless ways to have fun. We need to find ways to keep that excitement going all year long,” Governor DeWine said. “Today, I am announcing the formation of a task force, called ‘Expo 2050,’ to take stock of all of the great things going on at the Ohio Expo Center, as well as the Ohio History Connection and Mapfre Stadium, and to develop a strategic vision for the entire area.”Governor DeWine made the announcement during a meeting of the Ohio Expositions Commission. Expo 2050 is tasked with reviewing the Expo experience, including the assets and activities of the Ohio Expo Center, the Ohio History Connection, and Mapfre Stadium, and developing ideas for getting the most use and enjoyment out of this state land in the future.As part of the process, Governor DeWine asked task force members to attend the Ohio State Fair (which runs from July 24 to Aug. 4), attend a Crew game at Mapfre Stadium, tour the Ohio History Connection, and attend the All American Quarter Horse Congress at the Ohio Expo Center (Oct. 1-27).Expo 2050 will be co-chaired by Mike Curtin, former state representative and newspaper editor, and by Lydia Mihalik, director of the Ohio Development Services Agency.The task force members include: Mike Curtin, Former State Representative, Ohio’s 17th House District (co-chair); Lydia Mihalik, Director, Ohio Developmental Services Agency (co-chair); Alissa Belna-Muhlenkamp, Junior Fair Board Coordinator, Ohio State Fair; Hearcel F. Craig, State Senator, Ohio’s 15th Senate District; Andy Doehrel, Chairman, Ohio Expositions Commission; Sandy Doyle-Ahern, President, EMH&T; Col. Richard Fambro, Superintendent, Ohio State Highway Patrol; Shannon Hardin, President, Columbus City Council;  Elizabeth Harsh, Executive Director, Ohio Cattlemen’s Association; Burt Logan, Executive Director & CEO, Ohio History Connection; Robert Lorimer, President, The Arnold Sports Festival; Mary Mertz, Director, Ohio Department of Natural Resources; Curt Moody, CEO, Moody Nolan; Keith Myers, Vice President of Planning, Architecture, and Real Estate, Ohio State University; Scott Myers, CEO, All American Quarter Horse Congress; Dorothy Pelanda, Director, Ohio Department of Agriculture; Bob Peterson, State Senator, Ohio’s 17th Senate District; John Rogers, State Representative, Ohio’s 60th House District; Virgil Strickler, General Manager, Ohio Exposition Center & State Fair; Paul Zeltwanger, State Representative, Ohio’s 54th House District.last_img read more

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And the GIFF 2019 Award winners are…

first_imgHere is what some Community Volunteer Reviewers had to say about this film:  “The video was soo funny and it is so true for how people see us going into the bush and coming back out. They then wonder what you are doing in the bush. I really enjoyed the video!”See for yourself and watch the GIFF 2019 finalist films here. Share with your Friends:More Congratulations to the filmmakers AlboGIFF_Team! First, The Signal Award, selected by a panel of Community Volunteer Reviewers from around the world. The Signal Award winner was chosen for its overall excellence as a geocaching short film. The judges considered production quality, content, creativity, and contribution to the global geocaching community.  Congratulations to the filmmakers weellu & Harjus! ____________________________________________________________ “Funny story, decent acting, and an interesting new way of looking at geocaching 😉 Met a lot of great people via geocaching so it does bring people together :)” “We appreciate that in part two of the series, the protagonist lets us participate in his experienced Geocaching efforts. With the expert knowledge of meanwhile 129 Geocaches he is able to give valuable advice to all of us. And he does! Confronted with the adverse weather conditions during the long Finnish winter and the intricacies of life, he doesn’t tire of showing us brilliant stealth techniques – a true master of making himself invisible. 😉 A very humorous and entertaining film.” “This film impressed me the most in all categories. The main reason was its presentation of the biggest issue while searching for caches in a funny way.” “Looking for a New Love ” begins with a quarrel between the muggle protagonist and his wife. After he is forced to leave the house, he sits on a bench and browses a dating app – looking for a new love. He notices a woman also checking her smartphone. Suddenly, a geocacher appears and jumps into a bush. The woman follows him. After a moment they come out of the bush and smile at each other. What is going on here? Will the protagonist find out? Braija is back in “Geocaching Documentary from Finland – Being Stealth” and he is now even more experienced than last year. He has learned new tricks on how to be stealthy while geocaching and shares his experiences in this new documentary from Finland. Watch and learn! In “A normal GEOday” two friends search a pirate themed geocache when their imagination takes over and they find themselves in the pirate tavern where the adventure starts. Three acts follow them throughout the search, arriving at GZ, and making the find. The film ends with the next storyline – a trip to… watch it to find it, no spoilers! Here is what some Community Volunteer Reviewers had to say about this film:  “I loved the effort that went into developing this film and thought it highlighted the adventure that is Geocaching.”center_img For the second time, GIFF Event attendees were invited to vote for their favorite film in a global vote for the 2019 People’s Choice Award. We received an incredible response with over 11,000 geocachers voting for their favorite film. Thank you for participating!  “I chose Looking for Love because I thought it was original, entertaining, and very well made. Everyone at our group laughed heartily at the concept, and many mentions of how much time we spent in the bushes continued all evening. Lots of fun!” This year’s Signal Award winners are… Congratulations to the filmmakers harogs & geocachingclown!  Wait, the winner? It should be winners! Yes, that’s right, for the first time in GIFF history there was a draw between two films in the Signal Award voting. Instead of a tie breaker, we decided to crown two winners as further evidence of the continued increase in film quality. SharePrint RelatedAnd the GIFF 2018 Award winners are…November 20, 2018In “Community”And the GIFF 2017 Signal Award winner is…November 7, 2017In “Community”GIFF 2019 in review and upcoming intermissionDecember 10, 2019In “GIFF” “Geocaches have many themes and stories they tell. If you go find them, you dive into the story. While switching between reality and story, this video shows in a perfect creative way that you can have many different adventures while geocaching.” Here’s what some GIFF Event attendees had to say about this film:  “Really a great movie that managed to do a lot with very little. The laughter in the theater showed that it hit the sweet spot. Thanks for sharing!” and… 16 films became finalists in the 2019 Geocaching International Film Festival. The votes have been counted and we are excited to present this year’s film festival awards, The Signal Award and the People’s Choice Award.  This year’s People’s Choice winner is…last_img read more

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Ruckus breaks out inside Jammu and Kashmir Assembly over GST rollout

first_imgScuffle took place inside the Jammu and Kashmir assembly over the implementation of Goods and Services Tax bill. MLAs were seen bashing each other after Engineer Rashid clashed with the Bharatiya Janata Party members against the imposition of the GST bill, following which, Mr. Rashid was supported by the Opposition party. Following the ruckus, the Assembly was adjourned till 2:30 pm.last_img

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Wipro likely to extend CEO Kuriens term by at least one year

first_imgIndia’s third largest IT firm Wipro could extend the tenure of its chief executive officer TK Kurien by at least one year. Kurien’s current five-year term will expire in January next year.The move may curtail speculation about impending appointment of the new head to Wipro. Recently, the reports about Wipro looking for a new CEO had surfaced after it promoted three executives as presidents and roped in Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) veteran Abid Ali Neemuchwala as its chief operating officer earlier this year.The expert said the extension of Kurien’s term will provide the company’s chairman, Azim Premji, and the board more time to scout for a new CEO.”Will (Kurien) stay in February 2016 or December 2016 or January 2017? The answer is yes… (Kurien) is not going any time soon,” an executive familiar with the matter told Livemint.In April, Wipro had elevated Rishad Premji, the eldest son of promoter Azim Premji, to the company board as a wholetime director, effective from 1 May.Industry watchers had speculated that the elevation of Rishad was a step towards grooming him to assume the top role at a later stage although Azim Premji had always said that Rishad would not be appointed the chief executive.However, Wipro board’s three-member nominations committee hasn’t finalised the extension of Kurien’s tenure. But the nominations panel headed by Ashok S Ganguly and independent directors Narayanan Vaghul and William Arthur Owens will meet in January, and is expected to extend Kurien’ term by “at least a year”.”This is the general understanding for now (of Kurien staying for at least another year). (But) it finally is the call of the nominations committee, and they should make it public early next year,” said another source close to the developments.”Any such decision will be taken by the board of directors of Wipro Ltd based on the recommendation of the nominations committee and will be communicated to the stock exchanges,” said a spokesman for Wipro.Some experts said that the extension of Kurien’s current tenure highlights the “confidence” kept by the board in him. The extension will make Kurien the longest serving Wipro CEO since 1981.”Kurien has done a good job in not only espousing Wipro’s values, but also guiding the company through the market place digital transformation,” said Ray Wang, founder of Constellation Research Inc. — a technology research and advisory firm.last_img read more

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Artificial intelligence firm OpenAI wins massive backing of 1 billion for research

first_imgGlobal technology stalwarts, Infosys, Amazon Web Services and YC Research among others on Saturday announced committing $1 billion for non-profit artificial intelligence (AI) research company OpenAI to advance digital intelligence for humanity’s maximum benefit.With Y Combinator’s Sam Altman and Tesla Motors’ polymath Elon Musk as co-chairs and Pieter Abbeel, Yoshua Bengio, Alan Kay, Sergey Levine, and Infosys CEO Vishal Sikka as advisors, OpenAI has no financial obligations and pressures to generate profits.”Since our research is free from financial obligations, we can better focus on a positive human impact. We believe AI should be an extension of individual human wills and, in the spirit of liberty, as broadly and evenly distributed as is possible safely,” said OpenAI in a blogpost.OpenAI aims to build on recent advances in AI research to emerge with the next set of breakthroughs in the short-term while focus on deep learning research is its goal in the foreseeable future.”In deep learning, rather than hand-code a new algorithm for each problem, you design architectures that can twist themselves into a wide range of algorithms based on the data you feed them,” it said in the blogpost.According to OpenAI, deep learning yielded great results in pattern recognition problems, machine translation and speech recognition.Highlighting that AI today is at an impressive state but with narrow capabilities, it said it feels, in the extreme case, AI can match human performance virtually on every intellectual task.However, there is a word of caution too at the possible misuse of this poweful technology.”It’s hard to fathom how much human-level AI could benefit society, and it’s equally hard to imagine how much it could damage society if built or used incorrectly,” it said in the post.One of the most important goals of OpenAI is to make ready a leading AI research institution to prioritise good outcomes by the time by human-level AI emerges.The organization aims to freely collaborate with institutions and companies to research and deploy new technologies.Openly sharing its research in the form of papers, blog posts, code, open-source projects, talks and tutorials with the wider world is its vision.OpenAI has Ilya Sutskever, a decorated machine learning expert, as its research director and former Stripe CTO Greg Brockman for CTO.It counts world class scientists and research engineers Trevor Blackwell, Vicki Cheung, Andrej Karpathy, Durk Kingma, John Schulman, Pamela Vagata and Wojciech Zaremba as its founding members.OpenAI expects to spend only a tiny fraction of its $1 billion donation in the next few years.last_img read more

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Respect the will of voters urges US congressman resolution

first_imgUS House of RepresentativesUS Congressman William Richard Keating placed a resolution in the House of Representatives urging political leaders and judicial authorities to respect the will of voters and ensure that all Bangladeshis will be able to participate freely in the upcoming elections which will be impartial and inclusive, reports UNB.The resolution also reaffirmed the commitment of the United States to promote free, fair, transparent and credible elections in Bangladesh.Congressman William Richard Keating placed the resolution in the House of Representatives on Thursday, said US Congress website source.The resolution also called on the Government of Bangladesh to respect the freedom of speech and of the press and to heed the Bangladesh Election Commission’s request to ensure security for minorities and maintain communal harmony for a peaceful election.The resolution also commended the government and the people of Bangladesh for their generosity in hosting Rohingya refugees despite the hardships associated with responding to this man-made humanitarian disaster created by the Burmese military and security force’s crimes against humanity and genocide against the Rohingya in Northern Rakhine State.last_img read more

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Some clauses of ride sharing policy needs review

first_imgA roundtable titled ‘Ride Sharing Services Policy 2017: Application, limitations and solutions’ is held at the Prothom Alo conference room at CA Bhaban in the capital on Tuesday. Photo: Prothom AloSome of the clauses in the Ride Sharing Services Policy 2017 needs to be reviewed for the sake of the growing ride-sharing industry, stakeholders said at a roundtable on Tuesday.Clauses like ‘one-driver one-application’, ‘no vehicle that is less than a year old’ and ‘data storage inside national boundary’ needed further review, they observed at the roundtable titled ‘Ride Sharing Services Policy 2017: Application, limitations and solutions’ at the Prothom Alo conference room at CA Bhaban in the capital.Addressing the roundtable, Hussain Mohammad Ilias, managing director and CEO of Pathao, said, “We see this policy positively, but for the sake of the vision Digital Bangladesh, a number of things need change.”The authorities, sometimes, are worried about the number of vehicles. But, nothing is to be worried about as Bangladesh now has only 600,000 registered motorbikes while India has 15 million and Vietnam has 30 million, said Mohammad Ilias.”The policy says a car has to be more than a year old to join the ride sharing platforms. But the customers want new vehicles. There is another clause that says ‘one-driver one-application’. A vehicle is not active all through the day. It is basically a part-time service. It will discourage the users,” he added.”The policy also says vehicles registered outside Dhaka will not be allowed to use the platform. But already there is a scarcity. This will affect the supply,” he further said.”The policy wants to bring the services under the VAT net. It will hamper the growth of the new industry,” he observed.Hossain Zillur Rahman, executive chairman of Power and Participation Research Centre (PPRC), said, “It’s an interesting sector. But, policy should be through discussion and there should be short-term and medium-term approach.“I’ve just heard that the number of cars has decreased, but the number of bikes has increased. Increasing number of bikes link to pedestrian safety. The pedestrian testimony is not welcoming in this regard.“I think the one-driver one-app issue would be reviewed. The authorities are concerned on the management of the huge number of vehicles. This should be on the table for discussion as well. Besides, the data-offshoring and data on-shoring should be addressed, too.” he added.Maliha Kadir, managing director of Shohoz, said, “It is a good policy, no doubt. But, we should also keep in mind that it is not a taxi service. It’s micro-entrepreneurship.”She said, let everybody in and let decide the market forces what and how they want it.Kaniz Fatema Mitu, a user of the ride-sharing services, said, “I live in an area from where there is no direct public transport service to my office. So, I’ve to use the ride-sharing services.”“I feel secured and it has brought changes in my lifestyle in Dhaka.”Kazi Md Aminul Islam, executive chairman of Bangladesh Investment Development Authority (BIDA), said, “I see it as an option. If I don’t want to use bus or my car I’ve an option. It’s a freedom. I think a democratic government has a duty to expand the space of freedom in the public life.”“My involvement with ride-sharing is long. When Uber first came to Dhaka, it was illegal. I went to the BRTA with the Uber people. I talked to them and said – the law is for the people, let’s change it for the people again. The government is cooperative and this policy is a clear indication of that.”“The policy might have some mistakes. We do not want monopoly either. The market should be competitive,” Aminul Islam said.Shahadat Hossain, owner of a vehicle, said the clause ‘one-driver one-app’ clashes with the idea of freelancing.“Suppose, if any company tries to exploit us, as a user we won’t have any option. It’ll discourage us,” he added.”The clause that may bar vehicles registered outside Dhaka from using the platform also needs review. It may be for controlling the traffic, but this cap will not help the people outside Dhaka as the unemployment problem is acute there.””So, I would like to request BRTA to focus on proper licensing,” he further said.”Then there is the issue of income tax return. As it is a part time job, we do not have evaluation and it is not possible for us either,” Shahadat added.Another user said, “We three colleagues used three vehicles previously, but now after the arrival of the ride sharing services, we jointly use one vehicle.”Lokman Hossain Molla, director of Bangladesh Road Transportation Authority (BRTA), said, “We don’t have any baseline survey. We have done this on the basis of some assumptions. There may have been some errors. When the errors were noticed, those were tabled in the intra-ministry meetings.”“On behalf of the BRTA, we have already updated some issues on certification. If any changes come from this meeting, that would be redesigned. We are going online for the sake of transparency.”The main thing is that the government is very positive. It is part-time for the drivers and owners, but it is full time for companies,” Lokman said.Hussain Mamtaz, programmer at BRTA, said a clause said the storage should be inside the country. As there is no service, they use Google.“We have put this provision, thinking future investment of Google and Amazon. It can be for a transitional period,” he added.Nazmul Islam, additional deputy commissioner, cyber security and crime unit, said, “Apps have data, so there is question of security of people. It should be ensured.”“I’ll urge the companies to remain alert as hackers see everything. Please use disclaimer in a proper way before taking information from them,” he added.Asif Saleh, senior director (strategy, communication and empowerment) at BRAC, and Naeem Ashraf, team leader of Startup Bangladesh, also spoke.last_img read more

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Researchers theorize that neutrons may be squished into cubes in neutron stars

first_img The key is in the size of the neutron star, the researchers say; too big and they’d collapse down to black holes. Too small and they’d simply exist as run of the mill neutron stars. Since the tipping point is believed to be such stars that are of twice the density as the sun, the discovery of a neutron star last year, PSR J1614-2230 (the largest ever found) with a solar masses of 1.97 seems to fit the bill as it’s about as dense as a neutron star can get without collapsing. The researchers speculate that in order to achieve such a density, the neutrons at its core would have to facilitate a means of having the same number of neutrons in a smaller space. And because cubes are more efficient, they theorize that those neutrons closet to the core, would be the ones squished down to cube shapes.Llanes-Estrada likens it to a stack of oranges sitting on a grocer’s shelf. Normally spherical they begin to flatten as more and more are piled on top. If the same amount of weight (gravity) were applied in all directions, the oranges would flatten from both above and below, but also on all sides as well.In their natural state, as spheres, neutrons have a packing density of about 74%; collapsing them down to cubes, creating a sort of crystal lattice such as happens when diamonds from carbon in the Earth, could possibly bring that number up to nearly 100%.Not everyone agrees with the results of the duo’s paper, some even suggesting that the huge density numbers could come about as the result of the blurring of lines between individual neutrons; but the two researchers seem undaunted, suggesting that pushing boundaries, is all a part of science. Probing the origins of extreme neutron stars Trial wavefunction that interpolates between sphere, and cube. Image: arXiv:1108.1859v1 [nucl-th] Citation: Researchers theorize that neutrons may be squished into cubes in neutron stars (2011, August 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-08-theorize-neutrons-squished-cubes-neutron.html Explore further More information: Cubic neutrons, arXiv:1108.1859v1 [nucl-th] arxiv.org/abs/1108.1859AbstractThe neutron is largely spherical and incompressible in atomic nuclei. These two properties are however challenged in the extreme pressure environment of a neutron star. Our variational computation within the Cornell model of Coulomb gauge QCD shows that the neutron (and also the Delta-3/2 baryon) can adopt cubic symmetry at an energy cost of about 150 MeV. Balancing this with the free energy gained by tighter neutron packing, we expose the possible softening of the equation of state of neutron matter.via Arxiv Blog This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2011 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — Neutrons, those particles that reside here on Earth inside the nucleus of atoms, along with protons, collectively called nucleons, are thought to exist in the far reaches of the universe inside of so-named neutron stars, which are the remnants of stars that have exploded. In a paper published on the preprint server arXiv, Spanish physicists Felipe Llanes-Estrada, and Gaspar Moreno Navarro, suggest that the densities in the cores of certain sizes of such neutron stars might be so great as to squash the neutrons down from their normal spherical shape, into cubes.last_img read more

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