India’s third largest IT firm Wipro could extend the tenure of its chief executive officer TK Kurien by at least one year. Kurien’s current five-year term will expire in January next year.The move may curtail speculation about impending appointment of the new head to Wipro. Recently, the reports about Wipro looking for a new CEO had surfaced after it promoted three executives as presidents and roped in Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) veteran Abid Ali Neemuchwala as its chief operating officer earlier this year.The expert said the extension of Kurien’s term will provide the company’s chairman, Azim Premji, and the board more time to scout for a new CEO.”Will (Kurien) stay in February 2016 or December 2016 or January 2017? The answer is yes… (Kurien) is not going any time soon,” an executive familiar with the matter told Livemint.In April, Wipro had elevated Rishad Premji, the eldest son of promoter Azim Premji, to the company board as a wholetime director, effective from 1 May.Industry watchers had speculated that the elevation of Rishad was a step towards grooming him to assume the top role at a later stage although Azim Premji had always said that Rishad would not be appointed the chief executive.However, Wipro board’s three-member nominations committee hasn’t finalised the extension of Kurien’s tenure. But the nominations panel headed by Ashok S Ganguly and independent directors Narayanan Vaghul and William Arthur Owens will meet in January, and is expected to extend Kurien’ term by “at least a year”.”This is the general understanding for now (of Kurien staying for at least another year). (But) it finally is the call of the nominations committee, and they should make it public early next year,” said another source close to the developments.”Any such decision will be taken by the board of directors of Wipro Ltd based on the recommendation of the nominations committee and will be communicated to the stock exchanges,” said a spokesman for Wipro.Some experts said that the extension of Kurien’s current tenure highlights the “confidence” kept by the board in him. The extension will make Kurien the longest serving Wipro CEO since 1981.”Kurien has done a good job in not only espousing Wipro’s values, but also guiding the company through the market place digital transformation,” said Ray Wang, founder of Constellation Research Inc. — a technology research and advisory firm.
Global technology stalwarts, Infosys, Amazon Web Services and YC Research among others on Saturday announced committing $1 billion for non-profit artificial intelligence (AI) research company OpenAI to advance digital intelligence for humanity’s maximum benefit.With Y Combinator’s Sam Altman and Tesla Motors’ polymath Elon Musk as co-chairs and Pieter Abbeel, Yoshua Bengio, Alan Kay, Sergey Levine, and Infosys CEO Vishal Sikka as advisors, OpenAI has no financial obligations and pressures to generate profits.”Since our research is free from financial obligations, we can better focus on a positive human impact. We believe AI should be an extension of individual human wills and, in the spirit of liberty, as broadly and evenly distributed as is possible safely,” said OpenAI in a blogpost.OpenAI aims to build on recent advances in AI research to emerge with the next set of breakthroughs in the short-term while focus on deep learning research is its goal in the foreseeable future.”In deep learning, rather than hand-code a new algorithm for each problem, you design architectures that can twist themselves into a wide range of algorithms based on the data you feed them,” it said in the blogpost.According to OpenAI, deep learning yielded great results in pattern recognition problems, machine translation and speech recognition.Highlighting that AI today is at an impressive state but with narrow capabilities, it said it feels, in the extreme case, AI can match human performance virtually on every intellectual task.However, there is a word of caution too at the possible misuse of this poweful technology.”It’s hard to fathom how much human-level AI could benefit society, and it’s equally hard to imagine how much it could damage society if built or used incorrectly,” it said in the post.One of the most important goals of OpenAI is to make ready a leading AI research institution to prioritise good outcomes by the time by human-level AI emerges.The organization aims to freely collaborate with institutions and companies to research and deploy new technologies.Openly sharing its research in the form of papers, blog posts, code, open-source projects, talks and tutorials with the wider world is its vision.OpenAI has Ilya Sutskever, a decorated machine learning expert, as its research director and former Stripe CTO Greg Brockman for CTO.It counts world class scientists and research engineers Trevor Blackwell, Vicki Cheung, Andrej Karpathy, Durk Kingma, John Schulman, Pamela Vagata and Wojciech Zaremba as its founding members.OpenAI expects to spend only a tiny fraction of its $1 billion donation in the next few years.
US House of RepresentativesUS Congressman William Richard Keating placed a resolution in the House of Representatives urging political leaders and judicial authorities to respect the will of voters and ensure that all Bangladeshis will be able to participate freely in the upcoming elections which will be impartial and inclusive, reports UNB.The resolution also reaffirmed the commitment of the United States to promote free, fair, transparent and credible elections in Bangladesh.Congressman William Richard Keating placed the resolution in the House of Representatives on Thursday, said US Congress website source.The resolution also called on the Government of Bangladesh to respect the freedom of speech and of the press and to heed the Bangladesh Election Commission’s request to ensure security for minorities and maintain communal harmony for a peaceful election.The resolution also commended the government and the people of Bangladesh for their generosity in hosting Rohingya refugees despite the hardships associated with responding to this man-made humanitarian disaster created by the Burmese military and security force’s crimes against humanity and genocide against the Rohingya in Northern Rakhine State.
A roundtable titled ‘Ride Sharing Services Policy 2017: Application, limitations and solutions’ is held at the Prothom Alo conference room at CA Bhaban in the capital on Tuesday. Photo: Prothom AloSome of the clauses in the Ride Sharing Services Policy 2017 needs to be reviewed for the sake of the growing ride-sharing industry, stakeholders said at a roundtable on Tuesday.Clauses like ‘one-driver one-application’, ‘no vehicle that is less than a year old’ and ‘data storage inside national boundary’ needed further review, they observed at the roundtable titled ‘Ride Sharing Services Policy 2017: Application, limitations and solutions’ at the Prothom Alo conference room at CA Bhaban in the capital.Addressing the roundtable, Hussain Mohammad Ilias, managing director and CEO of Pathao, said, “We see this policy positively, but for the sake of the vision Digital Bangladesh, a number of things need change.”The authorities, sometimes, are worried about the number of vehicles. But, nothing is to be worried about as Bangladesh now has only 600,000 registered motorbikes while India has 15 million and Vietnam has 30 million, said Mohammad Ilias.”The policy says a car has to be more than a year old to join the ride sharing platforms. But the customers want new vehicles. There is another clause that says ‘one-driver one-application’. A vehicle is not active all through the day. It is basically a part-time service. It will discourage the users,” he added.”The policy also says vehicles registered outside Dhaka will not be allowed to use the platform. But already there is a scarcity. This will affect the supply,” he further said.”The policy wants to bring the services under the VAT net. It will hamper the growth of the new industry,” he observed.Hossain Zillur Rahman, executive chairman of Power and Participation Research Centre (PPRC), said, “It’s an interesting sector. But, policy should be through discussion and there should be short-term and medium-term approach.“I’ve just heard that the number of cars has decreased, but the number of bikes has increased. Increasing number of bikes link to pedestrian safety. The pedestrian testimony is not welcoming in this regard.“I think the one-driver one-app issue would be reviewed. The authorities are concerned on the management of the huge number of vehicles. This should be on the table for discussion as well. Besides, the data-offshoring and data on-shoring should be addressed, too.” he added.Maliha Kadir, managing director of Shohoz, said, “It is a good policy, no doubt. But, we should also keep in mind that it is not a taxi service. It’s micro-entrepreneurship.”She said, let everybody in and let decide the market forces what and how they want it.Kaniz Fatema Mitu, a user of the ride-sharing services, said, “I live in an area from where there is no direct public transport service to my office. So, I’ve to use the ride-sharing services.”“I feel secured and it has brought changes in my lifestyle in Dhaka.”Kazi Md Aminul Islam, executive chairman of Bangladesh Investment Development Authority (BIDA), said, “I see it as an option. If I don’t want to use bus or my car I’ve an option. It’s a freedom. I think a democratic government has a duty to expand the space of freedom in the public life.”“My involvement with ride-sharing is long. When Uber first came to Dhaka, it was illegal. I went to the BRTA with the Uber people. I talked to them and said – the law is for the people, let’s change it for the people again. The government is cooperative and this policy is a clear indication of that.”“The policy might have some mistakes. We do not want monopoly either. The market should be competitive,” Aminul Islam said.Shahadat Hossain, owner of a vehicle, said the clause ‘one-driver one-app’ clashes with the idea of freelancing.“Suppose, if any company tries to exploit us, as a user we won’t have any option. It’ll discourage us,” he added.”The clause that may bar vehicles registered outside Dhaka from using the platform also needs review. It may be for controlling the traffic, but this cap will not help the people outside Dhaka as the unemployment problem is acute there.””So, I would like to request BRTA to focus on proper licensing,” he further said.”Then there is the issue of income tax return. As it is a part time job, we do not have evaluation and it is not possible for us either,” Shahadat added.Another user said, “We three colleagues used three vehicles previously, but now after the arrival of the ride sharing services, we jointly use one vehicle.”Lokman Hossain Molla, director of Bangladesh Road Transportation Authority (BRTA), said, “We don’t have any baseline survey. We have done this on the basis of some assumptions. There may have been some errors. When the errors were noticed, those were tabled in the intra-ministry meetings.”“On behalf of the BRTA, we have already updated some issues on certification. If any changes come from this meeting, that would be redesigned. We are going online for the sake of transparency.”The main thing is that the government is very positive. It is part-time for the drivers and owners, but it is full time for companies,” Lokman said.Hussain Mamtaz, programmer at BRTA, said a clause said the storage should be inside the country. As there is no service, they use Google.“We have put this provision, thinking future investment of Google and Amazon. It can be for a transitional period,” he added.Nazmul Islam, additional deputy commissioner, cyber security and crime unit, said, “Apps have data, so there is question of security of people. It should be ensured.”“I’ll urge the companies to remain alert as hackers see everything. Please use disclaimer in a proper way before taking information from them,” he added.Asif Saleh, senior director (strategy, communication and empowerment) at BRAC, and Naeem Ashraf, team leader of Startup Bangladesh, also spoke.
The key is in the size of the neutron star, the researchers say; too big and they’d collapse down to black holes. Too small and they’d simply exist as run of the mill neutron stars. Since the tipping point is believed to be such stars that are of twice the density as the sun, the discovery of a neutron star last year, PSR J1614-2230 (the largest ever found) with a solar masses of 1.97 seems to fit the bill as it’s about as dense as a neutron star can get without collapsing. The researchers speculate that in order to achieve such a density, the neutrons at its core would have to facilitate a means of having the same number of neutrons in a smaller space. And because cubes are more efficient, they theorize that those neutrons closet to the core, would be the ones squished down to cube shapes.Llanes-Estrada likens it to a stack of oranges sitting on a grocer’s shelf. Normally spherical they begin to flatten as more and more are piled on top. If the same amount of weight (gravity) were applied in all directions, the oranges would flatten from both above and below, but also on all sides as well.In their natural state, as spheres, neutrons have a packing density of about 74%; collapsing them down to cubes, creating a sort of crystal lattice such as happens when diamonds from carbon in the Earth, could possibly bring that number up to nearly 100%.Not everyone agrees with the results of the duo’s paper, some even suggesting that the huge density numbers could come about as the result of the blurring of lines between individual neutrons; but the two researchers seem undaunted, suggesting that pushing boundaries, is all a part of science. Probing the origins of extreme neutron stars Trial wavefunction that interpolates between sphere, and cube. Image: arXiv:1108.1859v1 [nucl-th] Citation: Researchers theorize that neutrons may be squished into cubes in neutron stars (2011, August 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-08-theorize-neutrons-squished-cubes-neutron.html Explore further More information: Cubic neutrons, arXiv:1108.1859v1 [nucl-th] arxiv.org/abs/1108.1859AbstractThe neutron is largely spherical and incompressible in atomic nuclei. These two properties are however challenged in the extreme pressure environment of a neutron star. Our variational computation within the Cornell model of Coulomb gauge QCD shows that the neutron (and also the Delta-3/2 baryon) can adopt cubic symmetry at an energy cost of about 150 MeV. Balancing this with the free energy gained by tighter neutron packing, we expose the possible softening of the equation of state of neutron matter.via Arxiv Blog This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2011 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — Neutrons, those particles that reside here on Earth inside the nucleus of atoms, along with protons, collectively called nucleons, are thought to exist in the far reaches of the universe inside of so-named neutron stars, which are the remnants of stars that have exploded. In a paper published on the preprint server arXiv, Spanish physicists Felipe Llanes-Estrada, and Gaspar Moreno Navarro, suggest that the densities in the cores of certain sizes of such neutron stars might be so great as to squash the neutrons down from their normal spherical shape, into cubes.